The Old Town Bridge Tower is considered to be one of the most beautiful Gothic buildings in Europe. It is located in Prague 1, in the Old Town, on the Křižovnicke namesti, on the right-of-the-way access to the Charles Bridge on the royal road. The tower was built not only as a fortification, but also represents a type of victorious arc. Charles IV. he set the route of the coronation processions of his followers, which led over the new Gothic bridge.
The castle was built in the years 1679-1685 by Count Václav Vojtěch from Šternberk as his summer residence. He lived here with his wife Klara and his daughter. The authors of the project were Giovanni Domenico Orsia later Jean-Baptiste Mathey, the builder was Silvestro Carlone. In 1685 an adjacent garden was established and in 1697 a terrace and farm buildings were built around the castle. In 1763 he bought a chateau for the Institute of Breeders Maria Theresa.
The National Theatre in Prague is known as the alma mater of Czech opera. And as the national monument of Czech history and art. The National Theatre was opened for the first time on 11 June 1881. To honour the visit of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria. Bedřich Smetana‘s opera Libuše was given its world premiere, conducted by Adolf Čech.
Prague Castle is a castle complex in Prague, dating from the 9th century. It is the official residence of the President of the Czech Republic. According to the Guinness Book of Records, Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world,occupying an area of almost 70,000 square metres, at about 570 metres in length and an average of about 130 metres wide. The castle is among the most visited tourist attractions in Prague attracting over 1.8 million visitors annually.
The Charles Bridge is an historic bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague, Czech Republic. Its construction started in 1357 under the auspices of King Charles IV. Finished in the beginning of the 15th century. The bridge replaced the old Judith Bridge built 1158–1172 that had been badly damaged by a flood in 1342. This new bridge was originally called the Stone Bridge or the Prague Bridge but has been the “Charles Bridge” since 1870.
Prague astronomical clock, or Prague orloj is a medieval astronomical clock located in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. The clock was first installed in 1410. Making it the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world and the oldest one still operating. The oldest part of the Orloj, the mechanical clock and astronomical dial, dates back to 1410 when it was made by clockmaker Mikuláš of Kadaň and Jan Šindel.
The Metropolitan Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and Adalbert is a Roman Catholic metropolitan cathedral in Prague, the seat of the Archbishop of Prague. Until 1997, the cathedral was dedicated only to Saint Vitus, and is still commonly named only as St. Vitus Cathedral. This cathedral is an excellent example of Gothic architecture and is the largest and most important church in the country.
Wenceslas Square is one of the main city squares and the centre of the business and cultural communities in the New Town of Prague, Czech Republic. Many historical events occurred there, and it is a traditional setting for demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings. The square is named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia. It is part of the historic centre of Prague, a World Heritage Site.