The obelisk at Prague Castle is a granite monolith and World War I memorial designed by Jože Plečnik, installed at Prague Castle in Prague, Czech Republic. It stands 16 meters high. It is located in the Third Castle Courtyard.The obelisk was donated by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. It was erected in late 1928 to mark the tenth anniversary of the establishment of the First Czechoslovak Republic. The obelisk was originally to have been much larger, but while it was being transported to its intended location in 1928, it broke in two, and only part could be salvaged.
The Lidice massacre was a complete destruction of the village of Lidice, in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now in the Czech Republic, in June 1942 on orders from Adolf Hitler and Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler. In reprisal for the assassination of Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich in the late spring of 1942, all 173 men over 15 years of age from the village were executed on 10 June 1942. Another 11 men who were not in the village were arrested and executed soon afterwards, along with several others already under arrest. The 184 women and 88 children were deported to concentration camps; a few children considered racially suitable for Germanisation were handed over to SS families and the rest were sent to the Chełmno extermination camp where they were gassed to death.
The Memorial to the Children Victims of the War, Lidice is a bronze sculpture by Marie Uchytilova in Lidice, Czech Republic. It commemorates a group of 82 children of Lidice who were gassed at Chełmno in the summer of 1942 during the Second World War. Work began on the memorial in 1980, but it was not until 2000, ten years after Uchytilova’s death that it was completed by her husband. The “Garden of Peace and Friendship” adjoins the memorial.
The Battle of White Mountain was an important battle in the early stages of the Thirty Years’ War. It was fought on 8 November 1620. An army of 15,000 Bohemians and mercenaries under Christian of Anhalt was defeated by 27,000 men of the combined armies of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor led by Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy and the German Catholic League under Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly at Bílá Hora (“White Mountain”) near Prague. The battle marked the end of the Bohemian period of the Thirty Years’ War and decisively influenced the fate of the Czech landsfor the next 300 years.
Václav Morávek (August 8, 1904, Kolín – March 21, 1942, Prague) was Czechoslovak Brigadier General and national hero. One of the best known personalities of Czech antinazi rezistance and member of famous resistance group called Three Kings. He is also the protagonist in Czech TV series Three Kings that is inspired by his group.
It includes the equestrian statue of Jan Žižka, the third largest bronze equestrian statue in the world. The statue was built in honor of Žižka, who in the Battle of Vítkov Hill in 1420 defeated king Sigismund. The Monument also includes the Ceremonial Hall, an exhibition entitled Crossroads of Czech and Czechoslovak Statehood, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and other exhibition halls.
The Winged Lion Memorial was unveiled on 17 June 2014. At Klárov in Prague by the British Member of Parliament, Rt Hon Sir Nicholas Soames MP, grandson of Sir Winston Churchill. It is dedicated to the Czechoslovak airmen who served in the Royal Air Force (RAF) during World War II. And who achieved acclaim for their contribution to the Battle of Britain.
Jan Palach, 11 August 1948 – 19 January 1969. Was a Czech student of history and political economy at Charles University in Prague. He committed self-immolation as a political protest. Against the end of the Prague Spring resulting from the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact armies.